Dried Herbs

North Forty Farm herbs are dried in a large dehydrator that circulates low-humidity, warm (not hot) air across the suspended herb-stock, to create rapid drying, retaining flavors and essential medicinal properties. Cultivated herbs are produced and harvested by organic methods at Arctic Roots Farm. Wild herbs are harvested away from potentially polluted locations, including at our old North Forty Farm homestead, to ensure a product that is pure and untainted by anthropogenic pollution.


CULINARY HERBS
Basil * Dill * Lovage * Marjoram * Oregano * Parsley * Rosemary * Sage * Summer Savory * Stevia * Tarragon * Thyme

CULTIVATED MEDICINAL HERBS

Borage * Bee Balm * Catnip * Red Clover * Lemon Balm * Pyrethrum

WILD MEDICINAL HERBS

Alder * Bearberry * Bedstraw * Birch * Bluebell * Blueberry Leaf * Chickweed * Coltsfoot * High Bush Cranberry * Dandelion * Dock * Fireweed * Horsetail * Labrador Tea * Larch * Nettle * Plantain * Poplar * Raspberry Leaf * Rose * Shepherds Purse * Spruce * Toadflax * Willow * Wormwood * Yarrow

Plantain and Shepherds Purse are only available fresh…upon request and when in season




CULINARY HERBS

“Gardening bestows upon us the blessings of fresh air and sunshine, increased health and vitality, and the means to teach the next generation independence and skills for survival. It teaches our children responsibility, patience and the wonders of God’s creation.” –Author Unknown



Basil:
Elidia
This basil has a classical aroma and a mild flavor of anise with a slight mint aftertaste. Popular as a spice for tomato dishes, in poultry stuffing or blend with vinegar in French dressing.
 
Cinnamon Basil
Sweet, spicy cinnamon flavored basil, native to Mexico. Ideal for seasoning desserts or other sweet dishes.

Lemon Basil
This basil has a fresh lemony essence. Use as a flavoring for vinegar. Also good with fish or even fruit salads.

Lime Basil
This rare and tasty basil works well in vinegar, with fish, salad dressings and oils. Adds a citrusy tone to standard basil dishes, including pesto.

Sweet Genovese
Classic Italian sweet basil, prized for its large leaves, wonderful aroma and spicy flavor. Best choice for making pesto.

Sweet Thai
This basil has the anise-licorice, slightly spicy flavor used in southeast Asian dishes. The flavor and aroma are more stable under high temperature cooking than in other sweet basil varieties.


Dill:
Bouquet
This dill is good for pickling or can be used fresh, added to dished late in the cooking process. Seeds are especially concentrated with flavor.
 
Goldkrone
This dill has more flavor concentrated in the leaves, making it an excellent kitchen herb, and a good candidate for drying. Also good for pickling.


Lovage:
This ancient herb has a celery-like flavor and is an essential for the creative cook. Hollow stems make an edible straw for tomato juice cocktails.
 
 
 
 


Marjoram:
Sweet
This is an oregano like herb with a sweeter more delicate flavor. Often used with chicken or pork because of its milder flavor. Excellent savory addition to chicken soup.
 
 
 


Oregano:
Warm, savory, slightly bitter taste with a hint of sweetness. Usually the main spice in pizza sauce and an important component in many red pasta sauces.
 
 
 
 


Parsley:
Triple Curl
Mild tasting variety with a slight bitter taste. Ruffled leaves make beautiful garnish, chopped or whole.
 
Italian
This variety is also known as flat-leaf parsley and has a more robust flavor. Used to complement other herb flavors in soups or potato dishes. Adds color and flavor to poultry and pork.


Rosemary:
Primed
Pine-like fragrance and pungent sage flavor complements strong tasting fish such as salmon or tuna. Also goes well with chicken, pork and lamb.
 
 
 


Sage:
Common
This is a strong aromatic herb with a slightly woody taste. Keeps it’s flavor in foods that require long cooking times. Commonly used in poultry stuffing, dressings and soups.
 
 
 


Summer Savory:
A peppery thyme-like herd for flavoring meats, beans, dressings, soups and salads. Excellent in herb butter or vinegar.
 
 
 
 


Stevia:
Fresh or dried leaves add natural sweetness to tea, fruit salads, and many other sweet dishes. Much sweeter than sugar, but without the calories or carbohydrates.
 
 
 
 


Tarragon:
French
This herb has a slightly bittersweet flavor and an aroma similar to anise. Goes well with fish, meat, soups and stews, and is often used in tomato and egg dishes.
 
 
 


Thyme:
German Winter
This herb has a subtle dry aroma and a slightly minty flavor. Often included in poultry and stuffing seasoning. Often paired with tomatoes and goes well with lamb and veal.
 
Orange
This variety combines the flavor of thyme with an alluring musky orange scent and flavor. Great in soups, breads and rice dishes, or fresh in salads. Excellent in French, Creole and Cajun dishes.


Back to the top of the page



CULTIVATED MEDICINAL HERBS

“The garden is the poor man’s apothecary.” – German Proverb




Borage
Borago officinalis
A “picker-upper”. Stimulates the adrenal glands, encouraging the flow of adrenaline.
Contains vitamin C, calcium and potassium.
Medicinal: a traditional ingredient of cough syrups. A tea, made from the flowers and leaves, can be used for anxiety and depression. An infusion is a good remedy for soothing irritated skin.
Culinary: the flowers are nice additives to salads and teas and the leaves and flowers are commonly added to wines and other drinks.



Bee Balm
Monarda didyma
Excellent tea additive. Beautiful smell. Commonly referred to as Bergamot…the flavor found in Earl Grey Black Tea.
Medicinal: a good tea for feverish colds. It makes an excellent “reviving” drink first thing in the morning.
Aromatic: a nice addition to pot-pourri.



Catnip
Nepeta cataria
The leaves contain considerable quantities of vitamins C and E, both excellent antioxidants.
Medicinal: a mild sedative. It is a gentle but potent sleep-inducer for humans that calms without lingering effects the next day. Can be soothing to the nervous system and can safely aid children to sleep. Catnip, along with chamomile, are the most often recommended herbs for use in children’s complaints. Also used to help ease a headache and known to quell digestive disturbances.
WARNING: Not for use during pregnancy.



Clover, Red
Trifolium pretense
Also known as: trefoil, purple clover
Medicinal: An infusion is used in traditional treatment for cancerous growths, eruptive skin diseases, hepatitis and mononucleosis. Add to salves and ointments for burns and ulcers. Use a poultice for athlete’s foot. Red clover can be used internally or topically to clear inflammatory skin conditions like acne, rashes, psoriasis and eczema. It is also helpful for irritable or inflamed skin. Clover being an organic source of sodium, it helps alkalize the system and restore the acid-alkaline balance of the body.
Clover is also helpful to the respiratory system as it is a mild expectorant, so it is good in tea, tincture or cough syrup for coughs, colds, fever, asthma, bronchitis, whooping cough and/or wheezing. Clover also increases lymph flow, detoxifying and reducing inflammation in the body caused by lymphatic congestion. It also treats sore joints, arthritis, rheumatism, gout, inflammatory-bowel disorders, improves digestion and relieves gas.
Its blood-thinning properties regulate high cholesterol levels as a tincture or a tea. Clover promotes prostates and heart health in men. It promotes menstruation flow and helps with dysmenorrhea in women. If you flood when menstruating, do not use red clover. Combine with raspberry leaf, nettle, crampbark and yarrow for painful menstrual cramping. It also helps regulate the menstrual cycle by providing much-needed minerals that help with hormonal balancing.
Clover can be used topically as a poultice for mastitis and as a mild infusion to promote healthy breast milk. A salve or sitz bath is good for hemorrhoids caused by pregnancy and birthing. There are four different isoflavones identified in red clover. One, genstein, is most talked about because it stimulates the effect of estrogen in the body. The isoflavones are helpful for women experiencing symptoms of menopause like hot flashes, depression, irritability, mood swings, osteoporosis and heart health. However, if you are taking drugs that increase estrogen levels in the body like birth control pills or cancer-therapy drugs like tamoxifen, or if you are experiencing uterine fibroids, avoid using red clover, as high levels of estrogen often contribute to the formation of estrogenic cancers like breast, uterine and ovarian cancers. On the other hand, it is also said the herb’s isoflavones can be helpful in preventing and treating estrogen dependent cancers by competing for estrogen receptor sites with xenoestrogens.
Herbalist Beverly Gray recommends “following developing research studies on red clover, but also listen to your intuition, your body, know your family cancer history, know your risk factors and ask questions of your doctor neuropath or herbalist.”
The National Cancer Institute has validated red clover’s anti-cancer properties. It is used to treat cancers by 33 cultures around the world. Dr. Samuel Thompson (1769-1843) and Dr. John Christopher (1909-1983) both successfully used red clover to treat cancer. Canadian nurse Rene Caisse is famous for her Essiac Tea, in which she combined red clover, turkey rhubarb root, sheep sorrel and burdock root to treat cancer patients unofficially in Canada and it is now used in the US as well. Red clover is also the key ingredient in John Winters Tea.



Lemon Balm
Melissa officinalis
Medicinal: An aromatic mint with a strong reputation for having calming properties. It can be very helpful for times when nerves, headaches and/or mild depression are preventing you from relaxing and getting a good nights sleep. The sedative and analgesic properties make it a favorite remedy for women having cramping, painful periods or any kind of stomach upset. Due to the antibacterial and antiviral properties, a cup of hot lemon balm tea induces perspiration to help break a fever making the herb useful for treating colds and flu. Extracts are also effective against herpes, cold sores and mumps viruses.



Pyrethrum
Tanacetum cinerariifolium
Uses: The dried flower buds are the source of what is needed to make an the effective insecticide “Pyrethrum”. The pyrethrins are produced in the yellow disc florets. The highest pyrethrin content is from the flowers when they are in full bloom and lowers as the flower ages. This insecticide is relatively harmless to humans but can kill beneficial insects. It is best used in the evening so that it will have lost much of its virulence by the morning. Steep two handfuls of the dried powdered flowers in one liter of hot water for an hour. This mixture can be either pureed or strained and then used as a spray. Once dried, the flowers or the powder retain their insecticidal properties almost indefinitely. The growing plant can be used as an insect repellent in the garden and is known to be effective against mosquitoes and ants.


Back to the top of the page



WILD MEDICINAL HERBS

“A weed is a plant whose virtue is not yet known.” -Ralph Waldo Emerson




Alder
Aluus crispa
Also known as: speckled alder, red willow, mountain alder
Medicinal: Alder contains the anti-inflammatory, salicin. A tea made from the bark is used to get rid of gas and to lower a high fever. The astringent and bitter infusion is used to induce circulation, to check diarrhea, as eye drops and sore throat gargles. As a compress, wash or poultice, the bark relieves hemorrhoids, arthritis, sore muscles and general aches and pains. As a healing remedy, alder takes the itch out of bug bites, chicken pox and weepy wounds. Fresh leaves can be applied to bare feet to relieve burning and aching. When brewed, they can be used as a foot bath.



Bearberry
Arctostaphylos rubra
Also known as: uva ursi, raven berry
Medicinal: An infusion of the leaves is used to treat infections of the urinary tract, urethritis, cystisis, etc. Bearberry contains the glucoside Arbutin.
 



Bedstraw
Galium boreale
Also known as: baby’s breath, goosegrass, cheese rennet, wormwood’s partner
Medicinal: Bedstraw is used as a diuretic, tonic, alterative and aperient. As a refrigerant, it can be used to treat burns, scalds sores and blisters as a poultice or ointment. Hot packs treat aches and pains and a tea is given as a mild laxative for diarrhea. the tea and tincture treat urinary tract imbalances, lymphatic system, and skin problems.
WARNING: Continued use of bedstraw can cause irritation to the mouth and tongue, requiring a demulcent ingredient such as slippery elm or marshmallow root. Do not use if you have a tendency towards diabetes.



Birch
Betula papyrifera
Also known as: paper birch, Kenai birch, lady birch, lady of the forest
Medicinal: An infusion of leaves treats gout, rheumatism, and dropsy and dissolves kidney stones. A decoction of leaves is used as a mouthwash. A decoction of bark is good for bathing skin eruptions. A tea of the inner bark treats intermittent fevers. The oil is astringent and mainly used for curing skin affections, especially eczema. The sap treats boils and sores and the vernal sap is a diuretic. Add buds and leaves to salves for ringworm.



Bluebell
Mertensia paniculata
Also known as: lungwort, mountain bluebell, chiming bells
Medicinal: Lungwort relieves asthma, bronchitis, and other lung complaints and stimulates the respiratory system. The astringent qualities treat diarrhea and hemorrhoids. Lungwort contains Allantonin, also found in comfrey, often referred to as “knitbone”, so also heals cuts and wounds.



Blueberry Leaf
Vaccinium uliginosum
Also known as: bilberry, huckleberry, whortleberry, dyeberry, wineberry
Medicinal: Use the fruit juice as a gargle for sore throat and gums and diarrhea. The fruit stimulates the appetites of convalescents. The juice is an all around cleanser. Blueberry leaf tea is used to stabilize blood sugar and also acts as a blood purifier. An infusion of the leaves treats urinary disorders. The root bark is boiled for the treatment of sore throats and abnormal frequency of intestinal discharge.



Chickweed
Stellaria media
Also known as: star chickweed, starwort, stitchwort, starweed, star lady, satin flower, winterweed, adder’s mouth, clucken weed
Medicinal: Chickweed is a demulscent and refrigerant. A poultice of the plant treats inflammation, indolent ulcers, carbuncles, and external abcesses. The poultice can also treat blood poisoning when combined with internal consumption of the herb as a tea or tincture. The juice treats scurvy as well as dissolving internal cysts and breast lumps. It is also specific for hydrophobia. The plant chopped and boiled in lard makes a green cooling ointment good for piles and sores and cutaneous diseases. A decoction of fresh herb is good for constipation while a decoction of dry herb is good for coughs and hoarseness.



Coltsfoot
Petasites frigidus
Also known as: coughwort, hallfoot, horsehoof, ass’ foot, foalswort, fieldhove, bullsfoot, donnhove, British Tobacco, cough herb, cleats, owl’s blanket
Medicinal: Coltsfoot is a demulcent, expectorant, and tonic. It is the most popular cough remedy, generally given with other herbs with pectoral qualities such as horehound, marshmallow, Ground Ivy, etc. People have been smoking the leaves for cough since Pliny; the leaves are the basis of British Herb Tobacco, the coltsfoot predominating and the other ingredients being buckbean, eyebright, betony, rosemary, thyme, lavender and chamomile flowers. This smoking blend relieves asthma, catarrh, and difficulty of breathing due to old bronchitis. A decoction of 1 oz. of leaf in 1 quart of water boiled down to a pint, sweetened with honey or liquorice and taken in teacupful doses often is good for both asthma and colds. Coltsfoot tea is made for the same purpose. Coltsfoot Rock has long been a domestic remedy for coughs. A decoction made so strong as to be sweet and glutinous has proved to be of great service in the treatment of scrofulous cases, and with Wormwood, has been found helpful in calculus complaints. Coltsfoot has been said to also treat tuberculosis. A root decoction is used against asthma and rheumatism. A leaf or flower infusion is used against diarrhea. Crushed leaves or decoction is applied externally for insect bites, inflammation, general swellings, burns, erysipelas, leg ulcers and phlebitis.
WARNING: Large amounts and strong doses of coltsfoot tea may produce abortion in pregnant women. Coltsfoot contains pyrrolizidine alkaloids that can cause irritations to the liver so do not use for extended periods and do not take large doses.



Highbush Cranberry
Viburnum edule
Also known as: crampbark, mooseberry, squashberry, arrowwood
Medicinal: Crampbark contains the muscle relaxing and bitter glucoside Viburnine, making it a valuable remedy for cramps and spasms of all kinds. It treats convulsions, fits and lockjaw, and palpitations, heart diseases and rheumatism. Its more popular use is as a remedy for stomach and menstrual cramps. It was used as an herbal treatment to prevent miscarriages in the third trimester. In combination with yarrow it helps menopausal women with muscle pain, excessive bleeding and cramping. It is also good for colds, sore throats and laryngitis. An inner bark decoction helps heal strep infection of the throat or skin. Also, a rinse to treat gingivitis and loose teeth. Externally, the inner bark in salves and liniments is valuable for sore muscle pain, cramping and spasms. It can also offset nervousness, weakness, and treat uterine infections. Ingesting the berries is a cure and prevention for scurvy; in weight, one part in a thousand is pure Vitamin C.



Dandelion
Taraxacum officianale
Also known as: priest’s crown, lion’s tooth, yellow gowan, blowball, wild endive, cankerwort, dent-de-lion, dandy lioness, irish daisy, fairy clock, puffball
Medicinal: Dandelion is a diuretic, tonic and slightly aperient. It is a urinary organ stimulant, useful with kidney and liver disorders. It is also a diuretic for water retention.
A broth of dandelion roots, sliced and stewed in boiling water with sorrel leaves and an egg yolk, taken daily is known to cure seemingly intractable liver congestion. A decoction of 1 pint of sliced root in 20 parts of water for 15 minutes, strain, when cold sweeten with brown sugar or honey and take 1-2 times a day for stones and gravel. A decoction of 2 oz. of herb or root in 1 quart of water, boiled down to a pint, taken in doses of a wineglassful every 3 hours for scurvy, scrofula, eczema and all eruptions on the surface of the body. A bitter tonic is used to treat atonic dyspepsia. Dandelion is a mild laxative in habitual constipation. A decoction or extract taken 3-4 times a day is a helpful remedy for stomach irritation. Dandelion is also good for increasing appetite and promoting digestion.



Dock
Rumex arcticus
Also known as: curled dock, sour dock, wild rhubarb, wild spinach, arctic dock
Medicinal: Dock root has a laxative, alterative and mildly tonic action. It is freely used as a tonic and laxative in rheumatism, bilious complaints, and as an astringent in piles, bleeding of the lungs, etc. It is largely prescribed for blood diseases, from spring eruption to scurvy, scrofula, and chronic skin diseases. It is also useful in cases of jaundice and as a tonic to the stomach and the system generally. A tea of the root is used for stomach and bladder problems and is said to be effective for tuberculosis, constipation and even hangovers. A very strong decoction is used as an emetic. The roots, cooked and mashed with oil can be placed on cuts. The juice of the plant relieves pain and itching, such as from nettle rash or hives. Internal use is recommended as a blood purifier in cases of poisoning with arsenic or heavy metals. Tinctures and decoctions are popular for anemia, hepatitis, liver damage and skin problems. Dock is said to be more rich in Vitamin C than oranges and more rich in Vitamin A than carrots.



Fireweed
Chamerion angustifolium
Also known as: firetop, burntweed, pilewort, indian wickup, blooming Sally, wild asparagus, deerhorn, willowweed, willowherb, bay willow, flowering willow, rosebay-willowherb
Medicinal: Formerly known as Epilobium angustifolium. A tea of the leaf is used to settle upset stomachs and gently stimulate the bowels. It is also used to treat diarrhea and dispel intestinal worms. The boiled herb is an antispasmodic for asthma and coughs. The tea is said to be stronger than chamomile and good for restlessness. Add leaves, flowers and powdered root to salves and boluses for bleeding piles. The powdered root is known to be a natural blood stopping powder. The root poultice is traditionally used for drawing infection out of wounds.



Horsetail
Equisetum arvense
Also known as: field horsetail, puzzle grass, scouring rush, jointed grass, pewterwort, Dutch rushes, paddock pipes, bottle brush, shave grass
Medicinal: Horsetail is one of the oldest plants on earth, dating back to the dinosaurs. It is rich in silica, so as to be helpful in mending broken bones and sprains, treating and preventing osteoporosis and as a general tonic to keep the framework of the body healthy. It is also a diuretic, making it beneficial in cases of dropsy, gravel and kidney affections in general. A strong decoction acts as an emmenagogue. Being cooling and astringent, it is helpful for hemorrhage, cystic ulcerations and ulcers of the urinary passage. A decoction externally will stop the bleeding of wounds and quickly heal them. The same will also reduce the swelling of the eyelids. A poultice can be administered to cysts, infections and bleeding. Mineral rich infusions are specific to anemia and for strengthening hair and nails, prostate troubles and for bedwetting in children.
WARNING: External use is safe. The young shoots are eaten but do not consume raw. Horsetail contains the toxin thiaminase which is destroyed by cooking. Also, anyone with hypertensive disease and/or other cardiovascular issues do not consider using this herb.



Labrador Tea
Rhododendron groendlandicum
Also known as: Hudson Bay tea, St. James tea, Greenland tea, Trapper’s tea, marsh tea, muskeg tea, bog tea, mothherb
Medicinal: Formerly known as Ledum palustre spp groenlandicum. Contains the glucoside ericolin, tannin and valeric acid among other things. Labrador tea leaves are tonic, diaphoretic, and pectoral. They are useful in coughs, dyspepsia and irritation to the membranes of the chest. An infusion is useful for soothing irritation in infectious, feverish eruptions, in dysentery, leprosy, itch, etc. The same is used for heartburn, tuberculosis, colds and arthritis. The leaves are also used for malignant, inflamed sore throats. An infusion of the flowers applied topically relieve pain. A strong decoction as a wash kills lice. A tea is useful for food poisoning upset stomach hangovers and consipation.
WARNING: Use in moderation. Be particularly careful of excessive use if you are pregnant, have heart problems, or have high blood pressure. Large doses can be cathartic and cause diarrhea and heart palpitations. It is said to contain Ledol, a poisonous substance that causes paralysis and cramps although the plant has a history of use as a beverage and as medicine by native and non- native people across the northern part of North America.



Larch
Larix laricina
Also known as: Tamarack, Alaskan larch
Medicinal: Larch contains arabinogalactans that belong to a group of carbohydrates called polysaccharides. Studies show that larch arabinogalactans help stimulate and promote good bacteria in the digestive tract and help produce digestive enzymes. A decoction of the bark is used as a laxative, tonic, diuretic and alterative. It is useful in obstructions of the liver, rheumatism, jaundice and some cutaneous diseases. An inner bark tea is good for bleeding of any kind, hemorrhoids, excessive menstruation and as a tonic to the liver and spleen. Mix with spearmint, juniper and horseradish in a decoction for liver and skin disorders, rheumatism, as a laxative, externally for piles, itching, menorrhagia and dysmenorrhea. The tea is also used to treat common colds, flus, liver disease and inner-ear infection. A decoction of the leaves is used for piles, haemoptysis, menorrhagia, diarrhea and dysentery. Larch gum resin is chewed for infected gums or made into a decoction and used as a mouth gargle for infected gums and sore throats. Combine with the bark and needles for a healing slave. Use the resin and inner bark topically as a poultice or compress or as a wash for wounds, infected cuts, abrasions, boils, rashes, frostbite and skin conditions such as psoriasis and eczema.



Nettle
Urtica dioica
Also known as: burning nettle, seven-minute itch, indian spinach, itchweed
Medicinal: Nettle is an iron rich plant, an excellent food for anemics and menstruating and lactating women. The high Vitamin C content makes it an excellent remedy and preventative for scurvy. In the spring the young plants are high in Vitamin A. Its antihistamine properties are helpful for sneezing and itchy watery eyes when taken in tea, capsule or tincture. It is also high in Vitamin K when fresh, making it useful for stopping all kinds of bleeding. However, the Vitamin K is depleted when the plant is dried so it is best used fresh. Infusions and tinctures are said to treat eczema. Stinging oneself with nettle leaves is said to help with arthritis, although liniment is a much gentler treatment. The tea also acts as a blood purifier and treats excessive mucus from allergy-induced lung irritation. Juice or tea helps balance the acid-alkaline ratio of our bodies. The juice for women helps relieve premenstrual water retention. Topically, the tea is used as an astringent to relieve red and irritated skin.
A root decoction is used as a mouthwash or gargle and ingested can treat rheumatism and help with the inflammation of arthritis, gout and kidney irritations. The root is also a preventative remedy for men in an extract for the symptoms of benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH). A ripe seed tincture clears creatine from the urine in 7-10 days.



Plantain
(ONLY AVAILABLE FRESH…upon request & when in season)
Plantago major
Also known as: soldier’s herb, waybread, indian bread, indian plantago, goosetongue
Medicinal: Plantain is famous for drawing out infection and shards of glass. It can heal blood poisoning, hence the name, soldier’s herb. The plant should be used fresh or processed into salves or tinctures. The seeds are a wilderness laxative and regarded as effective in the treatment of jaundice and dropsy in a tea with 1 teaspoon of seed to each cupful of boiling water. The leaves are used for cuts, abrasions, broken blisters, bee stings, festering splinters, snake bites, insect bites from mosquitos to black widow spiders, skin eruptions, wounds and it will reduce bleeding. Make a poultice for arthritis and scrofulus, and to relieve pain from dislocated bones and sprains. Crush the leaves and bind to the head for headaches. A poultice and a tea are said to treat syphilis. Internally, as a tea, will help general intestinal disorders. Strong tea or an extract will treat gout. Make a tea, tincture, or cough syrup to help eliminate bronchial congestion, laryngitis, lung irritations and coughs. It is helpful during times of hay fever. runny noses and excess mucus.



Poplar
Populus balsamifera
Also known as: cottonwood, Balm of Gilead
Medicinal: Poplar is a member of the willow and alder family, Salicaceae, and therefore contains salicin. A salve made of the winter buds is used to treat sores, rashes, frostbite, colds, cuts, piles, burns, scalds, scratches, inflamed skin, wounds and ulcers. A hot liniment of bud and bark can be applied to muscle aches and sprains. A tea of the buds treats headaches and colds. A compress of mashed leaves can also treat headaches. The juice can be injected into the ears to treat earaches. A tincture of chopped bark treats infections of the kidneys, chest, digestive system, arthritis, gout, fevers, rheumatism and diarrhea. The sap can be applied to warts and wheals.



Raspberry Leaf
Rubus idaeus
Also known as: Bramble of Mount Ida, garden raspberry, hindberry
Medicinal: Raspberry is an astringent and a stimulant. A tea of 1 oz. dry leaf to one pint of boiling water is used as a gargle for sore mouths, canker of the throat and as a wash for wounds and ulcers. The leaves combined with the powdered bark of slippery elm makes a good poultice for cleaning wounds, burns and scalds, removing proud flesh and promoting healing. An infusion taken cold is a reliable remedy for the extreme laxity of the bowels. It is also useful in the stomach complaints of children and for thyroid imbalances. The juice or syrup of the berries is used to reduce fevers in children and adults. Root decoctions treat diarrhea and dysentery. Raspberry leaf is often the main ingredient in female reproductive herbal formulas. It contains fragfine, which tones the reproductive organs. For pregnant women, the tea is said to aid in decreasing morning sickness and in facilitating birth and even aids in producing milk. The berries have the highest percentage of ellagic acid in any of the red berries. Ellagic acid is reported to help treat cancer in the breast, esophagus, skin, colon, prostate and pancreas. The berries are also high in Vitamins C and B and the minerals magnesium, calcium, iron and phosphorous. A leaf infusion with red clover aids with both male and female fertility and conception and prevents miscarriages and hemorrhaging.



Rose
Rosa acicularis
Also known as: prickly rose, wild rose
Medicinal: Roses are a Vitamin C-rich plant. Three rose hips contain more Vitamin C than an orange. The rose hip tea is a traditional treatment for cramps, coughs and colds and a good preventative against scurvy. Rose hip syrup stimulates the production of red blood cells and is prescribed for anemia. The seeds are extremely rich in Vitamin E, so the rose hip seed oil has become very popular as a moisturizing oil. The flowers are soaked to bathe sore eyes. Moistened rose petals act as a natural band-aid. Rose root tea is prescribed for fevers and other cold symptoms. Cleaned, live roots, mashed, are applied to cuts, scratches, wounds of various sorts and sores. The dried and powdered root worked just as well. The inner root bark is applied to burst or lanced boils. To make a drink to induce vomiting in such cases as poisoning, soak the bark in hot water until the solution is very strong. The whole rose plant, well washed, cut into bits and soaked in brandy, is used to treat syphilis, however used sparingly due to the alcoholic content.



Shepherd’s Purse
(ONLY AVAILABLE FRESH…upon request & when in season)
Capsella bursa-pastoris
Also known as: caseweed, St. James’ weed, Lady’s purse, pickpocket, salt-and-pepper, mother’s heart, poor man’s pharmacy
Medicinal: Shepherd’s purse is high in calcium, potassium, sulfur, Vitamin C and the blood-clotting Vitamin K. Dried and infused, this herb is still considered to be one of the best specifics for stopping hemorrhaging of all kinds-stomach, lungs, or uterus and more especially bleeding from the kidneys. The tea is to soothe stomach ulcers and as a remedy for internal bleeding. Mash the herb for a poultice for cuts and wounds. Add leaves to postnatal bath. Place crushed leaves into the nostril for nosebleed. The herb dries poorly and is generally tinctured. German herbalist Maria Treban advises rubbing the tincture on hernia.



Spruce
Picea glauca & mariana
Also known as: white spruce(glauca), black spruce(mariana)
Medicinal: Boil needles and inhale the fumes for sinus infection. Make a decoction as a wash for hives or rashes. Internally, take 2-3 tablespoons of the decoction for colds and 1 cup a day as a blood purifier. Spruce tip jelly and syrup soothe sore throats. Sap and melted pitch is used for medicinal plasters and help to protect wounds from infection. The soft white pitch found in the pockets in spruce wood is used as a salve for cuts, sores and any kind of skin irritation. A tea of the inner bark is used for stomach upsets, ulcers, weak blood, mouth sores and sore throats.



Toadflax
Lingaria vulgaris
Also known as: flaxweed, snapdragon, Dragon bushes, yellow rod, Larkspur Lion’s Mouth, monkey flower
Medicinal: Toadflax is an astringent, hepatic and detergent. It is a purgative and diuretic and is recommended for jaundice, liver, skin diseases and scrofula. An infusion of the herb is good for dropsy. The fresh plant can be applied as a poultice or fomentation to hemorrhoids. An ointment of the flowers can be used for the same purpose as well as skin diseases. An ointment of the whole plant is a good application to piles, sores, ulcers and skin eruptions. The juice is a good remedy for inflamed eyes.



Willow
Salix spp.
Also known as: osier, pussy willow
Medicinal: There are about 35 different willow species in Alaska. Willow contains salicylic acid, the same as is in asprin. The ashes of burned willow twigs blended with water is used to treat gonorrhea. Powdered roots were used to dry up sores from syphilis. Willow bark tea is good for arthritis, reducing fever, and relieving pains. Bark, seeds and crushed young green leaves were stuffed up the nostrils to stop bad nosebleeds. They are also used for toothaches. The leaves can be steeped in water or wine as a dandruff controller and preventative. Chew the leaves for headaches or place the pulp on insect stings and bites. Bark decoctions can be used as a wash for wounds. Combine the bark with raspberry and crampbark for menstrual cramping. Willow relieves pain and inflammation from sciatic nerve pain, osteoarthritis, tendonitis, bursitis, gout, muscle aches, sprains and strains.



Wormwood
Artemesia tilesii
Also known as: stinkweed, caribou leaves, Alaskan sage, Tilesius’ wormwood, Aleutian mugwort
Medicinal: The powdered leaves can be used externally as a salve for burns or infections. The tea can be used as a wash for skin rashes, cuts blood poisoned areas, sore eyes and any kind of infection. The boiled or soaked leaves are effective for toothaches, earaches and sore eyes from snow blindness. For athletes foot, use the tea as a wash and wrap your feet with the leaves. The leaves can be applied externally in hot packs for sore muscles, skin tumors and infections. The tea or tincture treats colds, flu and upset stomach when taken at first signs of symptoms. Wormwood is even said to treat Crohn’s disease and colitis.



Yarrow
Achillea millefolium
Also known as: soldier’s woundwort, carpenter’s weed, bloodwort, staunchweed, herbe militaris, “master of blood”
Medicinal: Yarrow is used as a tonic and stimulant to induce perspiration and reduce fever. It is considered a diuretic, astringent, emmenagogue and vulnary. Hot boiled leaves can be placed on swollen infections. Hot packs of the leaves are for aches, pains and sores. Yarrow also has drying and binding properties, making it a perfect healing herb. The powdered leaves can be placed on sore, cut, burn or blister. A fomentation is good for piles. Make a douche for leucorrhea and other vaginal problems. The tea can be made o use as a wash for the skin or sore eyes, or internally to treat kidney troubles and bed-wetting. The scrubbed roots, crushed into a soft springy mass, are famous as a local anesthetic.
Because of yarrow’s properties of clotting and unclotting, it is a great remedy for amenorrhea, dysmenorrhea and to bring on normal menstruation. Make a sitz bath for postpartum treatment for a tear in the perineum, an episiotomy and bleeding hemorrhoids.


Back to the top of the page

Disclaimer: Information on the traditional uses and properties of herbs are provided on this site is for educational use only, and is not intended as medical advice. Every attempt has been made for accuracy, but none is guaranteed. Many traditional uses and properties of herbs have not been validated by the FDA. If you have any serious health concerns, you should always check with your health care practitioner before self-administering herbs.

Important Notice: North Forty Farm (NFF) does not take responsibility for your use or misuse of the herbs or any other products sold. Do not try self-diagnosis or attempt self-treatment for serious or long-term problems, especially while undergoing a prescribed course of medical treatment, without first discussing them with your doctor. Always consult a medical professional or qualified practitioner if symptoms persist.

Neither statements nor products sold by NFF have been evaluated by the FDA. Products, information & descriptions are not intended to treat, cure, prevent or diagnose any disease, nor are they intended as prescriptions or therapy in any way. Descriptions are for educational purposes only. NFF presumes that you have reviewed and are familiar with the safety guidelines for herbs and herbal products that have been established by the America Botanical Council, the American Herbal Products Association and the FDA. NFF trusts you will use your own judgment and insightful knowledge as to which herbs may be suitable to your specific needs before use. Any plant substance, whether used as food or medicine, externally or internally, can cause an allergic reaction in some people. Just because a small amount of herb works well, does not mean that increasing the dosage is better. As unique individuals we all have varying physical conditions, sensitivities, allergies, and possible health conditions. We are not responsible for the misuse of these plant materials. We can not provide you with medical advice, dosage information, potential drug/herb reactions, or assistance with questions relating to injury or illness. We are not licensed practitioners, pharmacists, nor researchers and are legally restricted from answering your health related questions. Regardless of the source, take the time to research different resources—lots of them—and compare them. We want you to make educated, responsible and wise choices. Thank you for your understanding.

Customers shall be held solely responsible for all subsequent use or resale of any herbs, or products purchased from NFF, including, but not limited to the blending and/or labeling of such products. Customer further agrees to indemnify and hold NFF harmless from any and all claims that be declared against NFF from the use of any products marketed by the buyer, in which buyer has altered (mixed, blended, or repackaged) or packaged products containing ingredients sold by NFF.

Go back to Arctic Roots Farm Homepage